Sugar is a pure substance because it has a definite composition and a definite structure. Sugar is a compound made up of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen. The chemical formula for sugar is C12H22O11. This means that every molecule of sugar contains 12 carbon atoms, 22 hydrogen atoms, and 11 oxygen atoms. 1
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Key Takeaways: Why is Sugar a Pure Substance?
- Sugar is a pure substance because it consists of a single type of molecule known as sucrose, which is uniform throughout.
- A pure substance is made up of only one type of particle or molecule, and sugar fits this definition.
- Sugar is not an element but a compound because it is composed of multiple types of atoms bonded together in a specific arrangement.
Explanation: Why is sugar a pure substance?
Sugar is considered a pure substance because it consists of a single type of molecule known as sucrose, which is uniform throughout. It does not contain any impurities or other substances mixed in it.
To elaborate further, a pure substance is defined as a substance that is made up of only one type of particle or molecule. In the case of sugar, it is composed entirely of sucrose molecules.
Sucrose is a disaccharide composed of glucose and fructose molecules bonded together. Each sucrose molecule in sugar is identical to every other sucrose molecule, resulting in a uniform composition. 2
There are no impurities or additional substances present in pure sugar. This purity allows for consistent properties and behavior of sugar, such as its sweetness and solubility in water.
It’s important to note that although sugar itself is a pure substance, it can be found in various forms such as granulated sugar, powdered sugar, or brown sugar.
These different forms may contain additional ingredients or additives to enhance texture or color, but the sugar component itself remains a pure substance.
Why is sugar not a mixture?
Sugar is not considered a mixture because it is composed of a single type of molecule, sucrose, and does not contain different substances that can be separated physically.
To delve into further detail, a mixture is a combination of two or more different substances that are physically combined but can be separated by physical means, such as filtration or evaporation. 3
In the case of sugar, it is made up solely of sucrose molecules. Unlike a mixture, where you would have different components present, sugar does not contain any other substances mixed in it. It is a homogeneous substance with a uniform composition throughout.
Therefore, sugar is not classified as a mixture.
Sugar is a pure substance, but is it an element or a compound?
Sugar is a pure substance that is classified as a compound. Specifically, sugar, or sucrose, is composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen atoms bonded together in a specific molecular structure.
To elaborate further, an element is a pure substance made up of only one type of atom, such as hydrogen or oxygen. Sugar, on the other hand, is composed of multiple types of atoms, including carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen. 4
These atoms are chemically bonded together in a specific arrangement to form the sucrose molecule. Therefore, sugar cannot be classified as an element. Instead, it is categorized as a compound because it consists of different elements chemically combined.
In the case of sugar, the carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen atoms are bonded in a fixed ratio to form the compound known as sucrose.
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- D-Sucrose | C12H22O11 | ChemSpider. (n.d.). D-Sucrose | C12H22O11 | ChemSpider. http://www.chemspider.com/Chemical-Structure.5768.html
- Disaccharides. (n.d.). Disaccharides. http://butane.chem.uiuc.edu/pshapley/GenChem2/B10/1.html
- 2.7: Mixture. (2022, March 18). Chemistry LibreTexts. https://chem.libretexts.org/Bookshelves/Introductory_Chemistry/Introductory_Chemistry_(CK-12)/02%3A_Matter_and_Change/2.07%3A_Mixture
- Purdue.edu https://www.chem.purdue.edu/gchelp/atoms/elements.html