No, tungsten is not magnetic. It does not exhibit significant magnetic properties and is considered non-magnetic in practical applications. 1
Well, this was just a simple answer. But there are few more things to know about this topic which will make your concept super clear.
So let’s dive right into it.
Key Takeaways: Is Tungsten Magnetic?
- Tungsten is generally considered non-magnetic due to its relatively low magnetic susceptibility.
- Tungsten can be magnetized under certain circumstances, such as when it is exposed to a strong external magnetic field or when it is alloyed with other magnetic materials.
- The purity of tungsten can affect its magnetic behavior, with higher purity generally correlating with weaker magnetic properties.
Why is tungsten not considered magnetic?
Tungsten is generally considered non-magnetic due to its relatively low magnetic susceptibility, which means it does not readily magnetize or display strong magnetic properties. 2
Tungsten, with an atomic number of 74, is a transition metal. 3 Its electron configuration is [Xe] 4f14 5d4 6s2, with the outermost electrons occupying the 5d orbital. 4 In its ground state, there are four unpaired electrons in the 5d orbital, resulting in a non-zero net magnetic moment. This indicates that tungsten can exhibit some degree of magnetism.
The crystal structure of tungsten, which is body-centered cubic, does not inherently inhibit the alignment of magnetic moments. In fact, the crystal structure alone does not determine the magnetic behavior of a material.
While tungsten possesses unpaired electrons and can exhibit magnetic properties, they are relatively weak compared to materials like iron or nickel. Thus, tungsten is often regarded as having low magnetic susceptibility and is not considered strongly magnetic.
In summary, tungsten’s electron configuration and crystal structure contribute to its weak magnetic behavior, but it does exhibit some magnetism due to the presence of unpaired electrons in its 5d orbital.
Can tungsten be magnetized under any circumstances?
Tungsten can be magnetized under certain circumstances, such as when it is exposed to a strong external magnetic field or when it is alloyed with other magnetic materials. However, tungsten alone does not possess strong inherent magnetic properties and requires external influences to exhibit significant magnetization.
Tungsten, in its pure form, has a relatively low magnetic susceptibility and is not considered strongly magnetic. However, when exposed to a strong external magnetic field, it can become magnetized to some extent.
The external magnetic field aligns the magnetic moments of the tungsten atoms, resulting in a temporary magnetization. Once the external field is removed, tungsten typically loses its magnetization and returns to its non-magnetic state.
Alloying tungsten with certain magnetic materials, such as iron or nickel, 5 can enhance its magnetic properties. The presence of these magnetic elements can introduce a permanent magnetic dipole moment in the tungsten alloy, making it more magnetically responsive.
In summary, while pure tungsten is not inherently strongly magnetic, it can be magnetized under specific conditions, such as exposure to a strong external magnetic field or when alloyed with magnetic materials. These external influences can induce magnetization in tungsten, although its magnetic properties are generally weaker compared to other magnetic materials.
Does the purity of tungsten affect its magnetic behavior?
Yes, the purity of tungsten can affect its magnetic behavior. In its pure form, tungsten has a relatively low magnetic susceptibility and is considered weakly magnetic. However, impurities present in the tungsten can influence its magnetic properties.
The presence of impurities in tungsten can impact its magnetic behavior.
For example, if tungsten contains magnetic impurities or is alloyed with other magnetic materials, such as iron or nickel, 6 its magnetic properties can be significantly enhanced. These impurities or alloying elements can introduce unpaired electrons or alter the electron interactions, leading to a stronger magnetic response.
On the other hand, highly pure tungsten with minimal impurities tends to have lower magnetic susceptibility and exhibits weaker magnetic properties. The absence of impurities allows the tungsten atoms to maintain their inherent electronic structure, which typically results in a weaker magnetic response.
Therefore, the purity of tungsten plays a role in its magnetic behavior, with higher purity generally correlating with weaker magnetic properties, while the presence of impurities or alloying elements can enhance its magnetism.
Jay is an educator and has helped more than 100,000 students in their studies by providing simple and easy explanations on different science-related topics. He is a founder of Pediabay and is passionate about helping students through his easily digestible explanations.
Read more about our Editorial process.
- Tungsten – Wikipedia. (2020, May 2). Tungsten – Wikipedia. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tungsten
- Gsu.edu http://hyperphysics.phy-astr.gsu.edu/hbase/Tables/magprop.html
- Tungsten – Element information, properties and uses | Periodic Table. (n.d.). Tungsten – Element Information, Properties and Uses | Periodic Table. https://www.rsc.org/periodic-table/element/74/tungsten
- P. (n.d.). Tungsten | W (Element) – PubChem. Tungsten | W (Element) – PubChem. https://pubchem.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/element/Tungsten
- Bu.edu http://physics.bu.edu/py106/notes/MagMaterials.html
- Magnetic materials. (n.d.). http://labman.phys.utk.edu/phys222core/modules/m4/magnetic%20materials.html